The problem of prescription drug abuse and its related health consequences is a significant public health concern in the us drug overdose death rates in the us have increased five fold since 19805 in 2009 for the first time in the us drug overdose deaths outnumbered deaths due to motor vehicle crashes. Prescription drug monitoring programs pdmps are one of the most promising tools available to address prescription drug misuse abuse and diversion pdmps are state run electronic databases that provide critical health information to physicians and other health care providers about an individual . Prescription drug monitoring programs pdmps are a tool for prescribers and pharmacists to monitor and deter prescription medication misuse abuse addiction and diversion pdmps to date are state run databases that collect data on controlled substances dispensed by pharmacies and prescribers operating in the state. The framework provided by the astho prescription drug misuse and abuse strategic map 2013 2015 guides the presidents challenge and asthos ongoing work with strategic priorities that support the central challenge of achieving measurable reductions in controlled prescription drug misuse abuse and overdose. The prevalence of prescription drug abuse appears to vary based on the availability of medications with abuse potential including the prevalence of the legal availability of these medications proximity to areas producing these medications and availability of alternative substance abuse dengenhardt et al 2008
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