According to a survey conducted by pc montgomery et al to review the extraoral maxillofacial materials mdx4 4210 and a 2186 rtv silicones along with silastic medical adhesive type a for extrinsic colouring of prostheses were the most preferred maxillofacial prosthetic materials used . This review presents a classification system for maxillofacial prostheses while explaining its types it also aims to describe their origin and development currently available materials and techniques predicts the future requirements and subsequently discusses its avenues for improvement as a restorative modality a literature search of the pubmed medline database was performed. Maxillofacial prosthetic materials are used to rehabilitate patients suffering from acquired or congenital facial disfigurement silicone rubber materials polydimethylsiloxane rubbers are the materials of choice however current formulations have inadequate mechanical properties in particular tear strength. Polyurethane elastomers as maxillofacial prosthetic materials a jon goldberg robert g craig and frank e filisko journal of dental research 2016 57 4 563 569. Maxillofacial prosthetics is a subspecialty of prosthodontics that involves rehabilitation of patients with defects or disabilities that were present when born or developed due to disease or trauma prostheses are often needed to replace missing areas of bone or tissue and restore oral functions such as swallowing speech and chewing
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